Jordan: Seawater quality monitoring

IHE Delft under DUPC2 SCARCE project delivered a 4-day training on seawater particulate fouling potential quality monitoring for 5 participants from Jordan University/Marine Science Station (MSS), Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ), and Aqaba Water Company (AWC). This training was held from 9-12 July, 2018 at the facility of Jordan University Marine Science Station in Aqaba, Jordan.

The learning objectives of the training programme were:

– Understand the basic fundamental and tools to monitor particulate fouling in seawater reverse osmosis membrane systems
– Able to measure and calculate silt density index (SDI) and modified fouling index (MFI0.45) and modified fouling index ultrafiltration (MFI-UF10kDa) of seawater
– Able to install and uninstall the equipment and software needed for the measurement of  fouling parameters
– Collect seawater samples at different depths of seawater and measure SDI, MFI0.45, and MFI-UF10kDa
– Monitor the performance of pre-treatment in the Kemapco desalination plant with regard to particulate fouling
– Prepare a 6 months seawater quality monitoring plan.

The training was provided by Dr. Nirajan Dhakal. The local partners are: Dr. Tareq Al-Najjar, Dr. Mohammed Wahsha, Muna Gharaibeh, MSc.

Jordan: Desalination, Diplomacy & Water Reuse in the Middle East (SCARCE)


To address water scarcity caused by increasing population, refugee influx and climate change, Jordan is tapping into resources such as sea water and brackish ground water and maximizing wastewater reuse in agriculture. This project will establish training courses on these challenges at two universities and at the Water Authority, to be included in their permanent training programmes. Course content will be up-to-date with the latest science and tailor made to address practical problems. Seawater Desalination is part of the Red Sea Dead Sea project that includes the first seawater desalination plant in Jordan. Capacity development is therefore essential and two training courses on this topic will be delivered, supplemented by water quality monitoring studies. As a result the Jordanian partners will be able to reduce chemical and energy consumption of the plant. It will desalinate 100 million cubic meters yearly, to be shared with Israel and the Palestinian Territories. Therefore two courses will be delivered on Diplomacy: these will focus on potential conflicts, negotiation and conflict transformation skills. Desalination of Brackish Ground Water: Groundwater used for drinking and irrigation in Jordan often has high salinity, consequently desalination is required. The number of plants in Jordan is rapidly increasing, but the salinity of the groundwater is causing technical problems, resulting in short lifetime of facilities. A TOOLBOX of practical measures will be developed and disseminated to partners, in order to increase water availability from the installations, at lower cost. Waste water is reused in agriculture in Jordan, but most reused water does not comply with Jordanian standards and therefore threatens the environment (groundwater) and public health (contamination of water sources and food crops). The training courses and supplementary individual study projects will focus on improvement of existing wastewater treatment plants and irrigation schemes in terms of design, operation and management.

Duration: 2017-2019
Sponsor: DUPC2
Budget: 600,000 euros
Main local partners: Water Authority of Jordan, Marine Science Station (University of Jordan campus Aqaba), Al-Balqa’ Applied University
IHE Staff: Dr. Maria Kennedy (Project leader, leader Desalination), Dr. Sergio Salinas, Dr. Nirajan Dhakal, Zaki Shubber (water diplomacy), Dr. Branislav Petrusevski (leader brackish water desalination), Dr. Andreas Jonoski, Dr. Peter van der Steen (leader wastewater reuse), Dr. Jack van de Vossenberg, Annelieke Duker.


Libya: Water professionals trained on water management & desalination

After three weeks in Delft, the water professionals of the Man Made River project from Libya were awarded a certificate for the participation in the training funded by NUFFIC.

Funds: 45,000 euros
Beneficiary: Staff of the Man-made river project
IHE staff: Nirajan Dhakal (Leader), Maria Kennedy, Sergio Salinas
Duration: 5-19 June, 2018
Location: Delft, the Netherlands

Iran: Seawater desalination for drinking and industrial water treatment


IHE Delft together with the Regional Institute for Water Education (RIWE) of the University of Tehran provided a training for 30 water professionals of Iran on seawater desalination and membrane technology. The course covered the fundamentals of membrane technology, membrane-based desalination, design, operation, and fouling mitigation through pre-treatment.

Organizer: RIWE, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Duration: December 11-15, 2017
Partners: Dr. Banafsheh Zahraie
IHE Staff: Dr. Maria Kennedy,  Dr. Sergio Salinas

Lebanon: Integrated water resources management


Per request of UNRWA, IHE Delft conducted a training entitled “Capacity building on water and sanitation management” with the following objectives: i) to refresh and develop the existing and new technical expertise of a total of 60 people selected from UNRWA FICIP and UNRWA partners already involved in water and sanitation projects in Lebanon; ii) to prepare the UNRWA staff and UNRWA partners to better perform integrated water and integrated waste management for existing and future projects inside and in the direct proximity of the camps, aligned to the most adapted technologies for Lebanon. In one of the two training courses, 30 water professionals of Lebanon were trained on seawater and brackish water desalination. The subjects covered: overview of desalination technologies, fundamentals of reverse osmosis, pre-treatment and design with software of reverse osmosis systems.

Sponsor: United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) & UNICEF.
Location: Beirut, Lebanon.
Duration: October 9-13, 2017
IHE Staff: Dr. Sergio Salinas, Dr. Branislav Petrusevski, Dr. Nemanja Trifunovic